In 1997 the Marine Environmental Protection Committee (MEPC) of the IMO was given mandate to work on air pollution and emissions from ships and a new annex was inserted to the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL).
The regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships (Annex VI) address minimizing airborne emissions from ships (including: SOx and NOx) and their resultant impacts on local and global air pollution. Annex VI entered into force in May 2005 and a revised Annex VI with more stringent emissions limits was adopted in October 2008 and entered into force in July 2010. Whilst MEPC has made progress on many aspects of air pollution, work on GHG emissions reduction has been slow.
In 2016 RMI lodged a submission (MEPC 68-5-1) calling on IMO to act on GHG emissions reduction and MEPC 70 agreed a Roadmap to develop an IMO Strategy on GHG emissions reduction. Since then Pacific Island IMO members have participated in the special Intersessional Working Group (ISWG GHG) meetings to develop an initial strategy.
MEPC 71 considered the report from the first ISWG GHG (see MEPC 71 WP.5 and WP.7) with the final report including the discussions on GHG emissions (agenda item 7) (see MEPC 71 IMO Final Report) and the Roadmap as Annex 11 (see MEPC 71 Annexes). Pacific Island sponsored papers to MEPC 68 - 71 and related materials are in "Pacific Islands in the IMO".
Relevant MEPC reports are here:
- MEPC 70-18 - Report Of The Marine Environment Protection Committee On It...
- MEPC 70-WP.7 Report of the Working Group on Reduction of GHG emissions from ships
- MEPC 71 IMO Final Report
- MEPC 71 Annexes including Country Statements
- MEPC 71-WP.5 - Report of the first meeting of the Intersessional Working Group onReduction of GHG emissio... (Secretariat)
- MEPC 71-WP.7 - Report of the Working Group on Reduction of GHG emissions from ships (Secretariat)
- MEPC 72-7 - Report of the second meeting of the Intersessional Working Group onReduction of GHG emissi... (Secretariat)