Project Title: Pacific Blue Shipping Partnership
The Pacific Blue Shipping Partnership is an ambitious country-driven initiative for a large-scale blended finance investment to catalyse a multi-country transition to sustainable, resilient, and low carbon shipping. The PBSP targets domestic shipping to zero carbon by 2050 with a 40% reduction by 2030.
MCST, along with multiple regional and international partners, is providing technical support to the project.
- First signalled by Fiji PM Bainimarama and RMI President Hilda Heine at the One Planet Summit in New York, the PBSP was confirmed in a dedicated side event at the Climate Action Pacific Partnership (CAPP) in Suva in April 2019 with Ministers and government representatives of Vanuatu, Tuvalu, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Kiribati pledging to support. Fiji and RMI are calling on other Pacific Island countries and key international partners to join a partnership for an initial blended finance package of USD500m to fund decarbonisation of domestic shipping and related infrastructure in 5-6 Pacific Island countries. This proposal builds on the efforts previously endorsed by the Pacific Regional Energy and Transport Ministers in April 2017, by the 18th Micronesian Presidents’ Summit in February 2018 and the Pacific Island Transport Forum in November 2018.
Current evidence highlights the significant and enduring potential benefits (social, economic, and environmental) of a rapid transition to sustainable, resilient and low-carbon sea transport in PICs. Climate change is an urgent threat to the maritime transport sector (and sustainable development generally), which can be addressed in part through efforts to decarbonise and adapt the sector in accordance with the 2015 Paris Agreement supported by the Talanoa Dialogue and other platforms.
PICs have been central to the work of the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) which in April 2018 set an initial decarbonisation target for international shipping of at least 50% by 2050. This target is a positive step but remains inconsistent with the level of ambition required to limit climate change to below 1.5°C or even 2°C. Fiji and RMI are asking the region to commit to an initial emissions reduction target for Pacific shipping of 40% by 2030, and full decarbonisation by 2050.
Transportation and mobility are cross-cutting issues central to the sustainable development of PICs. Domestic ferries and inter-PIC transport vessels are commonly old, fuel inefficient and unsafe, functioning as critical links between remote destinations. Shipping within and between PICs is the most expensive per unit distance and per capita in the world. PICs are precariously dependent on imported fossil fuels raising critical issues of fuel price vulnerability and security of supply. A substantive investment is needed immediately if a transformation to more appropriate, clean and affordable shipping—domestic and international—is to be effected at scale and speed across the region.
A regional transition to sustainable, resilient and decarbonised sea transport will require substantial investment. In comparison to other major economic sectors, investment in the sustainable development (including climate change mitigation and adaptation) of sea transport for PICs has been extremely limited to date.
Large-scale financial investment in sustainable sea transport will require input from diverse sources, following a blended finance approach, catalysed in the short and medium term by both bilateral donor assistance, and the issuance of a guaranteed Blue Bond. A key subsequent step will be the development of proposals for a large regional investment (in the order of USD 100 million) from the GCF. This would allow for an integrated programme portfolio of both grant and revolving loan modalities targeting public and private sectors and all scales of shipping from village to inter-country. The cost of this financing could be significantly reduced by guarantees, grants, or highly concessional instruments supported by development partners.
The investment of USD 2 billion into the electricity sector under the Pacific Energy Summits since 2012 provides a precedent for such international cooperation. A blended finance approach for shipping would be consistent with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, Paris Agreement on Climate Change regional NDCs, the SAMOA Pathway, and Framework for Resilient Development in the Pacific. Support for this approach has been well signalled by the UN agencies (UNCTAD, WFP, UNESCO, UNESCAP) and regional agencies including USP, SPC and PIFS (SIS secretariat).
Two working groups, Technical and Finance, have been established under the coordinating committee co-hosted by Fiji and RMI.
Fiji and RMI will issue a “Save the Date” notice shortly for a workshop of decision-makers of relevant PICs finance and transport ministries and major partners to be held first quarter 2020. This is being organised to draft an Initiative Roadmap, discuss Working Papers drafted by the Technical and Finance Working Groups and, most importantly, work towards finalizing country commitments to the PBSP.
Links & Resources
Please find additional coverage on the announcement of the project linked below:
- Pacific Blue Shipping Partnership CAPP Side Event 2019
- Pacific Blue Shipping Partnership - The Guardian Pacific Islands Seek 500m Ocean Shipping Zero Carbon
- Pacific Blue Shipping Partnership – Current Concept Note (Updated Feb 2020)
- Pacific Blue Shipping Partnership – Technical Working Paper 1
- Pacific Blue Shipping Partnership – Technical Working Paper 2
- Pacific Blue Shipping Partnership – Technical Working Paper 3
- Pacific Domestic Maritime Technology Transfer Pathways [Presentation]